With the arrival of autumn, the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) is reminding residents of Florida what they can do to help prevent conflicts with black bears.
During this time of year, bear appetites increase as they begin to prepare for the upcoming winter. To be ready for the leaner winter months, bears require around 20,000 calories a day and will eat anything that’s convenient. Accessing unsecured garbage often provides more calories in a shorter amount of time than what a bear can get from foraging in the woods. This attracts bears into areas where people live and work, which can lead to potentially dangerous situations.
The search for food often leads bears across busy roads. A new video in the “Living with Florida Black Bears” series advises motorists to use caution while driving through areas where bears may be present. Bears are most active around dusk and dawn, and therefore most vehicle-bear collisions happen during these times of day. To reduce the risk of hitting a bear, motorists should stay alert and drive cautiously around heavily wooded areas, roads with curves and areas marked with bear warning signs.
While spending time outdoors, residents should be aware of their surroundings to avoid potential conflicts with bears. To keep bears away from your home and neighborhood, follow these simple steps:
• Secure household garbage in a sturdy
shed, garage or a bear-resistant container. • Put household garbage out on morning of pickup rather than the night
• Secure commercial garbage in bear resistant dumpsters.
• Protect gardens, beehives, compost
and livestock with electric fencing.
• Encourage your homeowners association or local government to institute
ordinances on keeping foods that attract wildlife secure.
• Feed pets indoors or bring in dishes
after feeding outdoors.
• Clean grills and store them in a secure
• Remove wildlife feeders or make them
• Pick ripe fruit from trees and remove
fallen fruit from the ground.
In Florida, it is illegal to intentionally feed bears or leave out food or garbage that will attract bears and cause human-bear conflicts.
If you see or suspect that someone is feeding or attracting bears, call the FWC’s Wildlife Alert Hotline at 1-888-404-FWCC (3922).
To learn how to become BearWise, visit MyFWC.com/Bear and click on “Live BearWise” on the left side of the page.
More information about living in bear country is available at MyFWC.com/Bear.