Southern Skies

The Zenith

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher Every now and then instead of facing a particular point of compass, it’s fun to look straight up — technically called the zenith. Looking up at the zenith has a couple of advantages over other directions: the sky becomes darker, and there is less atmosphere to absorb light so the stars tend to ... Read More »

The Love Planet

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher Now that Valentine’s Day is upon us, it might be a good time to check out Venus, the namesake of the Goddess of Love. It might be mentioned in passing that Venus, the mythological being, was not exactly the goddess of love, but was solely the goddess of erotic love — not quite ... Read More »

Can You See the “G”?

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher Here on Marco, the constellation Orion rides much higher in the sky than our northern visitors are used to. This allows the bright stars to really shine out with their full brilliance. Tonight, the chart depicts a close-up of this fascinating area of the sky. The first thing a casual stargazer should notice ... Read More »

Can You See the “G”?

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher Tonight, the chart is showing just about everyone’s favorite portion of the sky, or it would be if it were not high in the sky on winter evenings when the normal temperature discourages viewing. This is not a problem on Marco Island, however; and this area contains something for every stargazer whether naked ... Read More »

Jupiter Rises in the East

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher Tonight, mighty Orion has heaved himself above the horizon, but first, let’s look at the heavenly river Eridanus. Composed of mostly dim stars, the Eridanus is supposed to represent the Nile or the Euphrates. It arises near the foot of Orion and winds thru many twists and turns into the deep southern sky, ... Read More »

Jupiter Rises in the East Comet

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher Comet ISON was totally roasted on Thanksgiving day during its suicide dive into the close proximity of the Sun. Apparently nothing is left of the comet except perhaps a few rocks. At less than one solar diameter distance, the comet failed to endure temperatures hot enough to melt iron. Needless to say, my ... Read More »

Comet ISON Survived?

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher At the time of this writing, the ultimate fate of Comet ISON was still in doubt. On Thanksgiving day the comet reaches its closest point to the Sun, (called perihelion by astronomers) and is less than one million miles from the solar surface. At that distance the heat is enough to melt solid ... Read More »

Should You Buy a Telescope?

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher This morning, perhaps as you are walking the dog, look to the east and you have a chance to spot Comet ISON. It’s going to be quite low to the horizon and will be of uncertain brightness. Mercury and Saturn should be visible and they should provide handy reference points. The comet is ... Read More »

Goodbye to Summer

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher The rainy season is finally over! The unrelenting clouds made it very difficult to do any stargazing this summer; but we can finally see stars at a reasonable hour so we are rolling back the clock on the charts to 9PM. Tonight is one of the last chances to see a few summer ... Read More »

The Surprise Planet

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher John Flamsteed was born in 1646 in England and was the first Astronomer Royal. Flamsteed’s particular astronomical passion was the careful mapping of all the naked eye visible stars. Flamsteed had this idea that the stars were forever fixed in their relative positions and his life’s work would be the final say on ... Read More »

Comet ISON Update

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher On October 1 Comet ISON breezed by Mars at a safe distance while every space probe on or around the planet with a working camera tried to take its picture. Sometime this month the comet is expected to brighten enough to be come visible to the naked eye, although what its ultimate brightness ... Read More »

Stargazing in Style

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher It’s been sometime since we discussed the equipment needed for stargazing. You really need very little, but there are some aids which are very useful. First, you need a dim red flashlight to read any charts you bring outside with you. A red light will leave your eyes’ dark adaptation relatively unscathed; just ... Read More »

The Chained Princess

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher Tonight we look at the sky in the same place as we did last time; being two weeks later, the sky has obligingly rotated westward about 15 degrees bringing new stars into view. Nearly centered in the chart is Andromeda, the chained princess. Her mother, the nearby Cassiopeia, had a disagreement with the ... Read More »

The Celestial Horse

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher Tonight Pegasus has risen in the east. Pegasus, the winged horse, is really just half of a horse with only his head and forequarters in the sky. The constellation is famous for the great square of four nearly equally bright stars. A note for beginning stargazers, the square is big – around 15 ... Read More »

The Ancient Water-Bearer

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher In ancient Greek mythology Aquarius was the cup or water-bearer to the gods. He was a male lover to Zeus, (one of several) and was rewarded with both a place on Mount Olympus and in the sky. It’s not a bright constellation, yet it is not particularly difficult to pick out in the ... Read More »

The Serpent-Bearer

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher Ophiuchus is one of my favorite constellations, perhaps because of its tongue twister name and similarly tough to pronounce component stars like Rasalhague. It is commonly represented as a man grasping or perhaps wrestling a large python-like snake. Ophiuchus is one of the original 48 constellations of the ancient Greeks. The snake itself ... Read More »

North by Northwest

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher Generally we look towards the south in this column, but tonight we will gaze northwestward. Here far from the Milky Way there are fewer stars and no star clusters of note. However, there are no dense clouds of dust to hide the wide spaces outside of our galaxy and a number of other ... Read More »

An Embarrassment of Riches

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher Tonight the two brightest constellations in the zodiac are rising high in the south. Sagittarius is associated with a centaur carrying a bow, while Scorpius is a scorpion of course. These two constellations lie in the direction of the center of our galaxy, and as a consequence this area is almost literally stuffed ... Read More »

Ecliptic Notes

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher It has been some time since the ecliptic has been a topic of discussion in this column. As tonight the nearly full Moon has chased the lesser stars from the sky this would be a good time to contemplate this vitally important yet invisible line. The ecliptic is simply the apparent path the ... Read More »

Summer Triangle Rises Again!

SOUTHERN SKIES By Mike P. Usher When the Summer Triangle rises you can be sure the rainy season is not far off! Which brings up an important point – careful observation of the night sky indicates what time of year it is. Indeed a Neolithic farmer could nail it down almost to the exact day, a vital importance determining ... Read More »